Linear Equations, Inequalities and Systems

Lesson 3

Objective

Determine if a function is linear based on the rate of change of points in the function presented graphically and in a table of values.

Common Core Standards

Core Standards

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  • F.IF.B.6 — Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph. Modeling is best interpreted not as a collection of isolated topics but in relation to other standards. Making mathematical models is a Standard for Mathematical Practice, and specific modeling standards appear throughout the high school standards indicated by a star symbol (★). The star symbol sometimes appears on the heading for a group of standards; in that case, it should be understood to apply to all standards in that group.

  • F.IF.C.7.A — Graph linear and quadratic functions and show intercepts, maxima, and minima.

  • F.IF.C.9 — Compare properties of two functions each represented in a different way (algebraically, graphically, numerically in tables, or by verbal descriptions). For example, given a graph of one quadratic function and an algebraic expression for another, say which has the larger maximum.

  • F.LE.A.1.A — Prove that linear functions grow by equal differences over equal intervals, and that exponential functions grow by equal factors over equal intervals.

Foundational Standards

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  • 8.F.A.2

  • 8.F.A.3

  • 8.F.B.4

  • 8.F.B.5

Criteria for Success

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  1. Given a table of values, identify the rate of change between two points. 
  2. Describe the difference between subsequent  $$y$$-values, given equal intervals on the $$x$$-values. 
  3. Write an equation from a table of values. 
  4. Compare a table of values with a graph of a linear equation, and describe which has the larger rate of change. 
  5. Identify graphs that appear linear but based on the non-constant rate of change are not linear. 

Anchor Problems

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Problem 1

The following table of values shows some solutions to a linear equation. 

Write the linear equation that contains these solutions. 

Guiding Questions

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Problem 2

Jonas wants to borrow money from his parents to buy a phone and has two options for a payment schedule: one presented in a table and one presented as an equation. 

Payment Schedule A:

Payment Schedule B:  $${4x + 25 = y}$$ where $$y$$ is cost of the phone, and $$x$$ is the number of weeks required to pay Jonas’s parents back. 

Which one has the greater rate of change? What does this mean in context? 

Guiding Questions

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Problem 3

Describe why this graph is not linear. 

Guiding Questions

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Problem Set

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The following resources include problems and activities aligned to the objective of the lesson that can be used to create your own problem set.

Target Task

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Write two linear equations: one that is represented in a table of values and has a negative rate of change, and one that is represented in an equation and has a lower rate of change than the first function.