Students explore measurement using kilograms, grams, liters, milliliters, and intervals of time in minutes.
In Unit 7, students solve problems involving measurement and estimation of intervals of time, liquid volumes, and masses of objects. The unit, while major work itself, also “support[s] the Grade 3 emphasis on multiplication and the mathematical practices of making sense of problems (MP.1) and representing them with equations, drawings, or diagrams (MP.4)” (GM Progression, p. 18).
Students begin by building on their understanding of telling time to the nearest five minutes from Grade 2 (2.MD.7) to tell and write time to the nearest minute using analog and digital clocks (3.MD.1). Students see that an analog clock is a portion of the number line shaped into a circle. Just as students used a number line to represent sums and differences in Grade 2 (2.MD.6), students use the number line to represent addition and subtraction problems involving elapsed time in minutes and durations of time (3.MD.1).
Building on the estimation skills with length gained in Grade 2 (2.MD.3), students in Grade 3 use the metric units of kilograms, grams, liters, and milliliters to estimate the masses and liquid volumes of familiar objects (3.MD.2). Students also measure objects in those units, reading the measurement scales on analog tools such as beakers. Finally, just as students solved word problems involving lengths in Grade 2 (2.MD.5), students solve word problems involving masses or volumes given in the same metric units (3.MD.2).
Students will rely on the work of this unit to convert from a larger unit to a smaller unit in Grade 4 (4.MD.1) and from a smaller unit to a larger one in Grade 5 (5.MD.1), as well as to solve multi-step word problems involving intervals of time, liquid volumes, and masses of objects, including problems involving simple fractions or decimals (4.MD.2, 5.MD.1). Beyond the direct connections to Grade 5 Common Core State Standards, “measurement is central to mathematics, to other areas of mathematics (e.g., laying a sensory and conceptual foundation for arithmetic with fractions), to other subject matter domains, especially science, and to activities in everyday life. For these reasons, measurement is a core component of the mathematics curriculum” (GM Progression, p. 1).
Pacing: 15 instructional days (12 lessons, 2 flex days, 1 assessment day)
For guidance on adjusting the pacing for the 2020-2021 school year due to school closures, see our 3rd Grade Scope and Sequence Recommended Adjustments.
This assessment accompanies Unit 7 and should be given on the suggested assessment day or after completing the unit.
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gram
millimeter
kilogram
liquid volume
liter
mass
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For notes on possible modifications to materials related to mass, see Lessons 7 and 8. For notes on possible modifications to materials related to volume, see Lessons 10 and 11.
3.MD.A.1
Tell time to the nearest minute.
3.MD.A.1
Tell time to the minute before the hour.
3.MD.A.1
Relate clocks to number lines.
3.MD.A.1
Solve word problems involving elapsed time within the same hour.
3.MD.A.1
Solve word problems involving elapsed time that involves crossing the hour mark.
3.MD.A.1
Solve word problems involving all cases of elapsed time in minutes.
3.MD.A.2
Understand mass as an attribute of objects that is measured in grams and kilograms. Develop benchmarks for 1 kilogram and 1 gram.
3.MD.A.2
Estimate and measure mass in grams and kilograms by reading a measurement scale on an analog scale or other scale.
3.MD.A.2
Solve word problems involving masses given in the same unit.
3.MD.A.2
Understand liquid volume as an attribute of objects that is measured in liters and milliliters. Develop benchmarks for 1 liter and 1 milliliter.
3.MD.A.2
Estimate and measure liquid volume in liters and milliliters by reading the measurement scale on a beaker or other container.
3.MD.A.2
Solve word problems involving volumes given in the same unit.
Key: Major Cluster Supporting Cluster Additional Cluster
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