Poetry

Lesson 7

Objective

Identify and explain the purpose of sound devices (onomatopoeia and alliteration) in poetry. 

Explain how the aural depiction of the poem enhances or detracts from the mood.

Readings and Materials

Target Task

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Question 1

A poet uses sound devices in order to (select two answers):

A.

give the poem a musical quality.

B.

enhance the mood.

C.

clarify the speaker’s perspective.

D.

give human qualities to inanimate things.

E.

create a humorous tone.

Question 2

Read the poem “Cynthia in the Snow” before answering the following questions: 

What onomatopoeic words does the poet use to suggest the silencing effect of falling snow? 

A.

Sushes, hushes, twitter-flitters

B.

Sushes, hushes, loudness

C.

Sushes, hushes, laughs

D.

Sushes, hushes, milk

What words together represent an example of alliteration? 

A.

“laughs away from me”

B.

“laughs lovely”

C.

“white as milk”

D.

“So beautiful it hurts”

In one paragraph, explain the effects of the sound devices in the poem “Cynthia in the Snow.”

Key Questions

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Read the comic Peanuts (April 4, 1999) by Charles Schulz.

  • Copy down the onomatopoeia here.
  • Why does the author use onomatopoeia? What is its purpose? 
  • How would the comic change if the author wrote, “Peppermint Patty laughed out loud” instead of using the onomatopoeia?

Read the next two comics: Peanuts (October 19, 1997) by Schulz and Peanuts (November 16, 1977)

  • Copy down all examples of onomatopoeia. 
  • Why does the author use onomatopoeia? 

Read the poem “Waiting” by Nikki Grimes. 

  • Copy down one example of onomatopoeia. 
  • Why does the author use onomatopoeia?
  • How does onomatopoeia contribute to the tone of the poem? 

Read “The Cats in the Cradle.”

  • List at least three examples of alliteration in the song.
  • What affect does alliteration have on the mood of this poem?
  • How does the mood contribute to the ultimate cautionary message in the poem? 
  • Listen to the song. Does the melody enhance or detract from the mood of this song? Explain your answer.

Read “The Circle Game.” 

  • List at least two examples of alliteration in the song.
  • What affect does alliteration have on the mood?
  • Listen to the song. Does the melody enhance or detract from the mood of this song? Explain your answer.

Vocabulary

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onomatopoeia
alliteration
sound device

Notes

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This lesson connects with an essential question.

Common Core Standards

  • RL.6.7 — Compare and contrast the experience of reading a story, drama, or poem to listening to or viewing an audio, video, or live version of the text, including contrasting what they "see" and "hear" when reading the text to what they perceive when they listen or watch.