Poetry

Lesson 2

Objective

Differentiate between verse and free verse. 

Explain the purpose of rhyme scheme in a poem.

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Target Task

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Question 1

Reread “At the Library” by Nikki Grimes: What is the rhyme scheme? 

A.

ABABABAB

B.

ABCABCDD

C.

ABCCABCC

D.

AABBCCDD

Question 2

Why might an author use rhyme scheme?

A.

Rhyme scheme makes the meaning of the poem more profound.

B.

Rhyme scheme can make a poem more lyrical for the reader, like music.

C.

Rhyme scheme creates a more serious mood. 

D.

Rhyme scheme allows readers to think more seriously about the content.

Question 3

Why might some poets such as Langston Hughes in “I, Too” choose not to use rhyme scheme? What is the benefit of writing in free verse?

Key Questions

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Read “Invitation.”

  • Explain whether it is verse or free verse. If it’s verse, what is the rhyme scheme? 
  • What is the mood of this poem? In other words, how does the author want you to feel when you read this poem?
  • What is this poem about?

Read “A Poem Is a Little Path.”

  • Explain whether it is verse or free verse. If it’s verse, what is the rhyme scheme?
  • What is this poem about?

Read “I, Too.”

  • Explain whether it is verse or free verse. If it’s verse, what is the rhyme scheme?
  • Why do you think the poet chose not to use rhyme scheme here? Possible answer: Rhyme scheme can be binding and would undermine the meaning in this poem. 
  • What is this poem about?

Vocabulary

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rhyme scheme
free verse

Notes

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  • This lesson connects to a unit test question.
  • Optional: Students choose one of the poems today and write their own poem using the same rhyme scheme. 

Common Core Standards

  • RL.6.4 — Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone.

  • RL.6.5 — Analyze how a particular sentence, chapter, scene, or stanza fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the theme, setting, or plot.