Lesson 7 - Opinion Writing - 2 Days


Explain the pros and cons surrounding the use of fossil fuels.

Readings and Materials

  • Book: Energy Sources: The Pros and Cons by David L. Dreier  pp. 3 – 9

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Target Task


Multiple Choice

What are fossil fuels?

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Which section of the text best supports the answer to Part A?

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Writing Prompt

What are the pros and cons surrounding the use of fossil fuels? What reasons and evidence does the author include?

Mastery Response


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Key Questions


  • What are fossil fuels? How are they formed? How are they used?
  • Why does the author include the diagram on page 7?
  • According to the author, what are the pros of fossil fuels?
  • According to the author, why can’t people continue to use fossil fuels?
  • What impact do fossil fuels have on the environment?



fossil fuels     (n.)

a fuel formed in the earth from dead plants or animal

advantage     (n.)

something that helps to make someone or something better or more likely to succeed

pollutants     (n.)

a substance that makes natural elements dirty or not safe

nonrenewable     (adj.)

not able to be replaced by nature

greenhouse effect     (n.)

the warming of the Earth's atmosphere cause by air pollution

global warming     (n.)

the increase of the temperature of Earth caused by the greenhouse effect

Enhanced lesson plan

Enhanced Lesson Plan

Get recommendations on pacing and lesson structure, as well as suggestions for meeting the needs of a range of learners. Download Sample

Common Core Standards

  • RI.4.3 — Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.

  • RI.4.8 — Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text.

  • SL.4.1 — Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 4 topics and texts, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly.

  • SL.4.4 — Report on a topic or text, tell a story, or recount an experience in an organized manner, using appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details to support main ideas or themes; speak clearly at an understandable pace.

  • W.4.1 — Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information

  • W.4.1.a — Introduce a topic or text clearly, state an opinion, and create an organizational structure in which related ideas are grouped to support the writer's purpose.

  • W.4.1.b — Provide reasons that are supported by facts and details.

  • W.4.1.c — Link opinion and reasons using words and phrases (e.g., for instance, in order to, in addition).

  • W.4.9 — Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

Spiral Standards