Lesson 1


Describe what energy is and if all types of energy are the same.

Readings and Materials

  • Book: Forms of Energy by Anna Claybourne  pp. 4 – 11

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Target Task


Writing Prompt

What is energy? Are all forms of energy the same? Make sure to use the words kinetic energy and potential energy in your answer.

Mastery Response


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Key Questions


  • Based on details from pages 4-5, what is energy?

  • Describe the law of conservation of energy. Why is it important?

  • What is energy transfer? Why is energy transfer important?

  • What does it mean if something is energy-efficient?

  • Energy is everywhere. Use the diagram on pages 40-41 to explain why.

  • What are the main forms of potential energy you find in everyday life? Why are they important?



energy     (n.)

the ability of something to be active

kinetic energy     (n.)

the energy something has due to motion

potential energy     (n.)

the energy something has due to its position

Enhanced lesson plan

Enhanced Lesson Plan

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Common Core Standards

  • RI.4.3 — Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.

  • RI.4.7 — Interpret information presented visually, orally, or quantitatively (e.g., in charts, graphs, diagrams, time lines, animations, or interactive elements on Web pages) and explain how the information contributes to an understanding of the text in which it appears.

Spiral Standards