Roman Myths

Lesson 14


Describe Otus and Ephialtes and how they influence the sequence of events.

Readings and Materials

  • Book: Classic Starts: Roman Myths by Diane Namm  — “Otus and Ephialtes, Twin Giants”

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Target Task


Multiple Choice

How do the actions of Otus and Ephialtes lead them to get tricked?

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Which detail from the text best supports the answer to Part A?

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Writing Prompt

How did the gods get their revenge? Were the gods’ actions justifiable? Explain why or why not.

Mastery Response


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Key Questions


  • Read the sentence from page 135. "The two young giants thought the world of themselves." What does this mean? How did this influence the way they acted? Why?
  • Read the sentence from page 137. "Otus and Ephialtes watched, listened, and learned." Why does the author include the word "learned"? What does this reveal about Otus and Ephialtes's motivations?
  • Why was Mars ashamed and surprised? How does this influence how Mars behaved?
  • What motivated Otus and Ephialtes to treat Mars the way they did?
  • How was Diana able to outsmart the twins?



dispute     (n.)

a disagreement or argument

flattered     (adj.)

how you feel when someone says something nice about you

despair     (n.)

a feeling of no hope

radiant     (adj.)

showing happiness or joy

unravels     (v.)

comes apart

unwise     (adj.)

not intelligent

Enhanced lesson plan

Enhanced Lesson Plan

Get recommendations on pacing and lesson structure, as well as suggestions for meeting the needs of a range of learners. Download Sample

Common Core Standards

  • RL.3.3 — Describe characters in a story (e.g., their traits, motivations, or feelings) and explain how their actions contribute to the sequence of events.

Spiral Standards