Indigenous Peoples: Then and Now

Lesson 14


Explain why Wilma was motivated to make her community a better place.

Readings and Materials

  • Book: Native Women of Courage by Kelly Fournel  pp. 39 – 42 — "Wilma Mankiller"

Subscribe to Fishtank Plus to unlock access to additional resources for this lesson, including:

  • Enhanced Lesson Plan
  • Essential Task Guide
  • Student Handout Editor
  • Vocabulary Package


Target Task


Writing Prompt

Despite hardship and challenge, Wilma was able to revitalize her community. Why was Wilma motivated to make her community a better place? Give two specific reasons. 

Mastery Response


Create a free account or sign in to view Mastery Response

Key Questions


  • What does it mean to champion the rights of those who are in the minority? 

  • What is an occupation? Why did Indigenous people occupy Alcatraz?

  • How did the Alcatraz occupation influence Wilma?

  • What life-changing experience did Wilma have when she returned to Tahlequah? Why was it life-changing? 

  • What was Wilma trying to accomplish with her community projects? Was she able to accomplish her goals?



revitalize     (v.)

to make (someone or something) active, healthy, or energetic again

Enhanced lesson plan

Enhanced Lesson Plan

Get recommendations on pacing and lesson structure, as well as suggestions for meeting the needs of a range of learners. Download Sample

Common Core Standards

  • RI.3.3 — Describe the relationship between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text, using language that pertains to time, sequence, and cause/effect.

Spiral Standards