Indigenous Peoples: Then and Now

Lesson 13

Essential Task

Includes an Essential Task


Explain the challenges Wilma and her family faced and what Wilma learned from the challenges. 

Readings and Materials

  • Book: Native Women of Courage by Kelly Fournel  pp. 35 – 39 — Stop at "Wilma had two daughters"

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Target Task


Writing Prompt

What challenges did Wilma face as a child? What did she learn from the challenges? Make sure to include two specific challenges in your answer. 

Mastery Response


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Key Questions


  • What challenges did Wilma face as a child? How did they influence her?

  • Why did Wilma’s family decide to move to California? How was life in California different from life in Oklahoma? 

  • What was the Trail of Tears? Why does Wilma say that she could identify with the people who were impacted by the Trail of Tears? 



activist     (n.)

a person who uses or supports strong actions to make political or social change

integrity     (n.)

the quality of being honest and fair

minority     (n.)

the group that is the smaller part of a larger group

resettlement     (n.)

a new area people are living in after leaving an old one

Enhanced lesson plan

Enhanced Lesson Plan

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Common Core Standards

  • RI.3.3 — Describe the relationship between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text, using language that pertains to time, sequence, and cause/effect.

Spiral Standards