Indigenous Peoples: Then and Now

Lesson 11


Explain why being a Code Talker required both intelligence and bravery. 

Readings and Materials

  • Website: Native Words, Native Warriors by Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian  — Code Talking

Subscribe to Fishtank Plus to unlock access to additional resources for this lesson, including:

  • Enhanced Lesson Plan
  • Essential Task Guide
  • Student Handout Editor
  • Vocabulary Package


Target Task


Writing Prompt

Why did Chester need both intelligence and bravery to be a Code Talker?

Mastery Response


Create a free account or sign in to view Mastery Response

Key Questions


  • What is the main idea of the section “American Indian Warrior Tradition?” 

  • What is the main idea of the section “Recruitment and Training?” 

  • How were tribal languages used to convey messages? Give a specific example. 

  • How were messages sent? 

  • What memories do the Code Talkers have of the war? Why? 



endured     (v.)

to put up with something difficult for a while

transmit     (v.)

to give or pass from one person to another

Enhanced lesson plan

Enhanced Lesson Plan

Get recommendations on pacing and lesson structure, as well as suggestions for meeting the needs of a range of learners. Download Sample

Common Core Standards

  • RI.3.2 — Determine the main idea of a text; recount the key details and explain how they support the main idea.

  • RI.3.3 — Describe the relationship between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text, using language that pertains to time, sequence, and cause/effect.

  • RI.3.7 — Use information gained from illustrations (e.g., maps, photographs) and the words in a text to demonstrate understanding of the text (e.g., where, when, why, and how key events occur).

Spiral Standards