Ancient Rome

Lesson 16

Objective

Describe Hannibal, Julius Caesar, and Octavian, including what type of leaders they were and why. 

Readings and Materials

  • Book: Ancient Rome and Pompeii: A Nonfiction Companion to Magic Tree House #13 by Mary Pope Osborne and Natalie Pope Boyce (April 2006)  pp. 55 – 67

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Target Task

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Multiple Choice

Read the quotations from page 67 below. 

“Augustus created order in the empire.” 

“Augustus said later that he had found a city of brick and changed it to a city of marble.” 

What do these details reveal about Octavian?

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Writing Prompt

Describe Hannibal, Julius Caesar, and Octavian. What type of leaders were they and why?

Mastery Response

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Key Questions

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  • Why does the author start by saying, "The ancient Roman world was full of rich and colorful characters"? What other adjectives does the author use to describe the leaders? Why?
  • Describe Hannibal's influence on the Roman Empire. Was Hannibal a renowned leader or a tragic leader? Defend why.
  • Describe Julius Caesar's influence on the Roman Empire. Was Julius Caesar a renowned leader or a tragic leader? Defend why.
  • Describe Octavian's influence on the Roman Empire. Was Octavian a renowned leader or a tragic leader? Defend why.

Vocabulary

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eventually     (adv.)

at a later time

renowned     (adj.)

known or admired by others

tragic     (adj.)

extremely sad or destructive

Enhanced lesson plan

Enhanced Lesson Plan

Get recommendations on pacing and lesson structure, as well as suggestions for meeting the needs of a range of learners. Download Sample
 

Common Core Standards

  • RI.3.2 — Determine the main idea of a text; recount the key details and explain how they support the main idea.

  • RI.3.3 — Describe the relationship between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text, using language that pertains to time, sequence, and cause/effect.

Spiral Standards

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L.3.4

L.3.6

RF.3.3

RF.3.4

RI.3.1

RI.3.10

RI.3.4

RI.3.5

RI.3.7

SL.3.1

W.3.10