Human Body

Lesson 6

Objective

Describe what happens once food enters your mouth by describing the connection between a series of scientific ideas or concepts.

Readings and Materials

  • Book: First Human Body Encyclopedia  pp. 86 – 87

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Target Task

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Describe what happens once food enters your mouth. Make sure to use the words “teeth,” “saliva,” “tongue,” “enzymes,” “esophagus,” and “stomach.”

Mastery Response

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Key Questions

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  • The author says by the time your food reaches your stomach, it is unrecognizable. What does it mean if something is unrecognizable? Why is the food unrecognizable?
  • Describe the surface of the tongue. Why is it that way?
  • What does the author teach about digestion in the section "Mouth Watering"?
  • What is swallowing? What does it mean that swallowing is a reflex action?
  • Why do stomachs have a stretchy wall? What happens in the stomach?
  • What is the esophagus? Why is it important?
  • How do the illustrations and diagrams on pp. 86-87 help a reader better understand the different parts of digestion?

Vocabulary

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chemical

swallow

saliva

enzymes

Notes

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There is not a lot of text on this day. The key is for students to really be able to explain the cause and effect between different steps of the digestive process.

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Enhanced Lesson Plan

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Common Core Standards

  • RI.2.3 — Describe the connection between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text.

  • RI.2.7 — Explain how specific images (e.g., a diagram showing how a machine works) contribute to and clarify a text.