Human Body

Lesson 4


Explain what makes an encyclopedia unique and how to use an encyclopedia to answer questions about digestion by knowing and using various text features and illustrations to locate key facts and information.

Readings and Materials

  • Book: First Human Body Encyclopedia  — (Preview, 10–11)

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Target Task


What do you already know about digestion? What questions do you have about digestion? 

What makes an encyclopedia unique? How do you use an encyclopedia?

Mastery Response


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Key Questions


  • How do the headings help us better understand the new information on this page? How can we use the headings as we read?
  • How do the diagrams contribute to our understanding of the text? Explain. How can we use the diagrams as we read?
  • How do the text captions and image labels contribute to our understanding of the text? How can we use the captions as we read?






table of contents




  • Preview the focus on digestion. In first grade students read the text What Happens to a Hamburger?. Have them share what they remember about digestion for digging into this lesson.
  • Introduce what an encyclopedia is, the different text features they may see in an encyclopedia, and how a reader uses an encyclopedia and why.
  • Using pp. 10-11 as a guide, model how to read an encyclopedia. Key things to know: headings, captions, different sections, reading the images, need to read ALL the text, etc. Doing this preview is incredibly important so that in upcoming lessons students are able to access the text and key information either with a partner or individually.

Enhanced lesson plan

Enhanced Lesson Plan

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Coming Soon:
April 2021


Common Core Standards

  • RI.2.1 — Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.

  • RI.2.5 — Know and use various text features (e.g., captions, bold print, subheadings, glossaries, indexes, electronic menus, icons) to locate key facts or information in a text efficiently.

  • RI.2.7 — Explain how specific images (e.g., a diagram showing how a machine works) contribute to and clarify a text.